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Pateros, officially the Municipality of Pateros (Filipino: Bayan ng Pateros), is a first-class municipality in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 63,840.
This small town is famous for its duck-raising industry and especially for producing balut, a Filipino delicacy that is boiled duck egg. Pateros is also known for the production of red salty eggs and “inutak”, a local rice cake. Moreover, the town is known for manufacturing of “alfombra”, a locally-made footwear with a carpet-like fabric on its top surface. Pateros is bordered by Pasig City to the north, Makati City to the west, and Taguig City to the south.
Pateros is the only municipality and the smallest, both in population and in land area, in Metro Manila, but it is the second most densely populated at around 29 thousand people per square kilometer after Manila.
It is the smallest municipality in terms of land area in the Philippines.
The name Pateros most likely derived from the duck-raising industry. The Tagalog loanword (of Spanish origin) for “duck” is pato and pateros means “duck-raisers”. The early 19th-century U.S. diplomat Edmund Roberts used Duck-town, another name for Pateros, stating that he “never before saw so many ducks together” in one place.
Another, lesser-known theory is that the name may allude to the town’s small shoemaking industry. The Tagalog word for “shoe”—also of Spanish origin—is sapatos, and shoemakers are called sapateros.
Before 1770, Pateros was only a barrio of Pasig until the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines issued a decree making Pateros an independent municipality. The town was then composed of five barangays (villages): Aguho, San Roque, Santa Ana, Santo Rosario, and Mamancat (now part of Fort Bonifacio).
On March 29, 1900, Pateros became one of the towns in the newly created province of Rizal, by virtue of General Order No. 40, Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission, which was promulgated on June 11, 1901. Then on October 12, 1903, Act No. 942 united Pateros with Taguig and Muntinlupa into one municipality under Pateros. The municipality was renamed Taguig on March 22, 1905, through Act No. 1308.
Executive Order No. 20 dated February 29, 1908 partitoned Pateros from Taguig, and the town regained independent status as a municipality on January 1, 1909, by Executive Order No. 36. On November 7, 1975, Pateros became a part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area through Presidential Decree No. 824.
Pateros is politically subdivided into 10 barangays:
- Martires del 96
- Poblacion – this barangay serves as the town’s commercial center
- San Pedro
- San Roque
- Santa Ana
- Santo Rosario–Kanluran
- Santo Rosario–Silangan
The municipal government of Pateros claims that its original land area was not its present land area of 2.10 km² but 1,040 hectares (10.4 km²) including Fort Bonifacio, particularly Barangays Comembo, Pembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Cembo, South Cembo and Pitogo which are now part of the city of Makati and Bonifacio Global City (known as Post Proper Northside by Makati) which was made part of Taguig, based on documents and official maps obtained by former Pateros Councilor Dominador Rosales from 30 libraries and offices including USA Library of Congress and USA Archives. One of those maps was the 1968 Land Classification Map of the Bureau of Land.
Pateros’ decrease in territory was accounted to a cadastral mapping in Metro Manila conducted in 1978. The late Pateros Mayor Nestor Ponce challenged the map through an objection letter dated June 23, 1978. But on January 1986, then President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 2475 which stated that Fort Bonifacio is situated in Makati and it is open for disposition. Because of that, a boundary dispute arose which moved Pateros to request a dialogue about that with then Municipal Council of Makati in 1990. Pateros also filed a complaint against Makati at the Makati Regional Trial Court in 1996 but the trial court dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction. The case was brought to the Court of Appeals in 2003 but the case was also denied. The same case was also elevated to the Supreme Court in 2009 but it was denied again.
Supreme Court Decision
Almost 2 decades later, the Supreme Court on June 16, 2009, per Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura denied Pateros’ petition against Makati but ruled out that the boundary dispute should be settled amicably by their respective legislative bodies based on Section 118(d) of the Local Government Code. Pursuant to the decision, Pateros invited Makati to a council-to-council dialogue. This happened on October 8, 2009. Four meetings were held and at the fourth dialogue on November 23, 2009, a joint resolution was made stating that Makati is requesting a tripartite conference between Pateros, Taguig and Makati.
|Population census of Pateros|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
As of 1818, the population was estimated at 3,840 Tagalog peoples. When Edmund Roberts visited in 1834, he estimated approximately 4,500 residents.
As of 1834, Pateros raised and sold duck and had a fishing industry.
The following are the different Elementary and High schools in Pateros under the Department of Education – Schools Division of Taguig City and Pateros; a College under Commision on Higher Education.
Primary public schools:
- Aguho Elementary School (AES)
- Capt. Hipolito Francisco Elementary School (CHFES-Main)
- Capt. Hipolito Francisco Elementary School (CHFES-Annex)
- P. Manalo Elementary School (PMES)
- Pateros Elementary School (PES)
- Sta. Ana Elementary School (SAES)
- Sto. Rosario Elementary School (SRES)
Secondary public schools:
- Maria Concepcion Cruz High School (MCCHS)
- Agripino Manalo National High School (AMNHS)
- Pateros National High School (PNHS)
- Center for Positive Future
- Huckleberry Montessori School
- Pateros Catholic School
- SEP Christian School, Inc.
- St. Genevive School of Pateros (SGSP)
- APEC Schools – Pateros (Sto. Rosario-Silangan)
- Pateros Technological College
About the Seal
- Pateros (Mallard) Duck, symbolizes the duck-raising industry where town was known.
- Eggs, ten duck eggs represents for the barangay which Pateros was politically subdivided; it also signifies the Balut industry of the town.
- River, this embody the Pateros river (also part of Pasig River) where duck-raisers raised their ducks.
- Jimmy Santos – Filipino Actor, PBA Basketball Player, and TV Host, Eat Bulaga!
- Berting Labra – Actor, Side kick of FPJ
- Daisy Reyes – Beauty Queen, Actress
- Socrates Villegas – Archbishop of Lingayen-Dagupan, CBCP President